Is it the Amazon, the Nile, or the Mississippi? The River Nile is the Longest River in Africa and in the World. It is 6,650 km long and drains an area of 3,349,000 square km. The Nile has two major tributaries: the White Nile and the Blue Nile. The White Nile is the source of the majority of the Nile’s water and fertile soil.
Although it is generally associated with Egypt, only 22% of the Nile’s course runs through Egypt. It originates in Burundi, south of the equator, and flows northward through northeastern Africa, eventually flowing through Egypt and finally draining into the Mediterranean Sea. The River Nile is formed from the White Nile, which originates at Lake Victoria and the Blue Nile, which originates at Lake Tana in Ethiopia. These rivers meet in Sudan and then go on their long journey northwards towards the sea. The White Nile is a lot bigger than the Blue Nile, but because of losses along the way it only contributes about 15% to the flow of the combined Nile. The Blue Nile, rising in Ethiopia, contributes about 85% to the flow of the Nile that passes through Egypt to the Mediterranean.
Not only is the River Nile the answer to ‘what is the longest river in the world’, but it is the main reason for the rise of the Egyptian culture and the major source of the livelihoods for the peoples in the countries through which it flows.
One of our other articles about African history that might interest you is : In 1964 the states of Tanganyika and Zanzibar united to form which modern African Nation?
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